Paula Whyman
6 days ago

If you don't know about neonic-treated crop seeds, I recommend this book, Restoring Eden by my friend Elizabeth Hilborn, whose farm and its wildlife, from insects to tadpoles, were poisoned by accidental contamination from a neighbor's pesticide-treated corn seed.

#bookstodon #books #conservation #neonics #farming #crops #pesticides #wildlife #insects #amphibians #birds #pollinators

Paula Whyman
6 days ago

EPA is seeking comments on whether to regulate neonic-treated seeds as pesticides. Please comment! This is an extremely important issue. Most crop seeds, especially corn, are treated with these pesticides, harmful to wildlife and humans.

#neonics #epa #pesticides #crops #Environment #ecosystems #birds #amphibians #pollinators #insects

The Global Plant Council
6 days ago

As climate change intensifies, societal & individual struggles to adapt become more apparent. To explore cultural adaptation, researchers conducted the 1st study of its kind. Analyzing data over 14 years, they applied the #science of cultural evolution. Findings reveal farmers adapting to #ClimateChange in some regions, while in others, #crops are increasingly mismatched. This first cultural approach marks a milestone in refining climate adaptation strategies.

Image credit: University of Maine
1 week ago

Australians needed to start looking past pollination when it came to bees.

"We really don't know much about our bee fauna. Even for the species we do have a name for, we probably know next to nothing about them. Out of all the thousands of native species of bees in Australia, only about two-thirds have even been named.There are no paid bee taxonomists in Australia … it is really worrying...The flavour of research is all crop pollination."

"Australian native bees are on the whole are not important pollinators of our crops because they didn't evolve with those crops, and if we want to know about those native bees, we shouldn't be focusing on pollination...When it comes to protecting a bandicoot, nobody asks what kind of important things this bandicoot does, it is just a native animal that is struggling and needs our support. The government needed to focus more funding on ecology and conservation research."
#native #bees #conservation #science #wildlife #livestock #crops #pollination #plantations #values

2 weeks ago

Food security #crops in low- and middle-income countries are threatened by different #virus diseases causing epidemics. New technologies like high-throughput sequencing, nucleic acid amplification methods, and epidemiological modelling provide tools for surveillance and managing these virus outbreaks - review in the journal Phytopathology by Jan F. Kreuze and others -

Symptoms of important virus diseases A) potato (chlorisis and leaf deformations), B) maize (extreme yellowing), C) cassava plant with pronounced mosaic, D) sweet potato plant with leaf curling, E) banana plants affected by bunchy top disease (dwarfing, yellowing with few erect remaining leaves).
2 weeks ago

How to #decolonize your #Thanksgiving dinner in observance of #NationalDayofMourning

Meredith Clark
Wed, November 22, 2023

"Thanksgiving is almost upon us, a time when many #Americans gather together to eat turkey and talk about what they’re most thankful for. Growing up in the #UnitedStates, almost everyone can recall the 'First Thanksgiving' story they were told in elementary school: how the local #Wampanoag #NativeAmericans sat down with the #pilgrims of #Plymouth Colony in 1621, in what is now present-day #Massachusetts, for a celebratory feast.

"However, this story is far from the truth - which is why many people opt out of celebrating the controversial holiday.

"For many #Indigenous communities throughout the US, Thanksgiving remains a National Day of Mourning - a reminder of the devastating #genocide and #displacement that occurred at the hands of European #colonisers following their arrival in the Americas.

"Every year since 1970, #IndigenousPeople and their allies have even gathered near #PlymouthRock to commemorate a National #DayOfMourning on the day of Thanksgiving. 'Thanksgiving Day is a reminder of the genocide of millions of Native people, the theft of Native lands, and the erasure of Native cultures,' states the official website for the United American Indians of New England. 'Participants in National Day of Mourning honour Indigenous #ancestors and Native resilience. It is a day of #remembrance and #spiritual connection, as well as a #protest against the #racism and #oppression that Indigenous people continue to experience #worldwide.'

"This year, the 54th annual National Day of Mourning takes place on 23 November - the same day as Thanksgiving. While not everyone can support the event in person, there are still many ways people can raise awareness toward issues affecting Indigenous communities from wherever they are - by '#decolonising' their Thanksgiving dinner.

"#Decolonisation can be defined as the active resistance against #settlerColonialism and a shifting of power towards Indigenous sovereignty. Of course, it’s difficult to define decolonisation without putting it into practice, writes Eve Tuck and K Wayne Yang in their essay, #Decolonization Is Not a Metaphor. Rather, one of the most radical and necessary moves toward decolonisation requires imagining and enacting a future for Indigenous peoples - a future based on terms of their own making.

"Matt Hooley is an assistant professor in the department of Native American and Indigenous Studies at Dartmouth College, where he teaches about US colonial powers and Indigenous cultural production. 'Decolonisation is a beautiful and difficult political horizon that should guide our actions everyday, including during holidays like Thanksgiving,' he tells The Independent. 'Of course, Thanksgiving is a particularly relevant holiday to think about decolonisation because the way many people celebrate it involves connecting ‘the family’ to a colonial myth in which colonialism is inaccurately imagined as a peaceful event in the past.'

"By decolonising our Thanksgiving, we can celebrate the holiday with new traditions that honour a future in which Indigenous people are celebrated. This year, we can start by understanding the real history behind Thanksgiving as told by actual Indigenous communities.

"While Americans mainly dedicate one day a year to give thanks, Indigenous communities express gratitude every day with the #Haudenosaunee Thanksgiving Address - often called: 'The words that come before all else.' The Haudenosaunee Thanksgiving Address is the central prayer and invocation for the #HaudenosauneeConfederacy, which comprises the #SixNations - #Mohawk, #Oneida, #Onondaga, #Cayuga, #Seneca, and #Tuscarora. When one recites the Thanksgiving Address, they’re giving thanks for all life and the natural world around them.

"According to Hooley, one of the most straightforward actions people can take to decolonise their Thanksgiving includes supporting Indigenous land acknowledgments and land back movements. #LandBack is an ongoing Indigenous-led movement which seeks to return ancestral lands to Indigenous people and the recognition of Indigenous #sovereignty. While the movement is nowhere near new, it received international attention in 2016 during protests against the #DakotaAccesSPipeline - which continues to disrupt land and #water sources belonging to the #StandingRockSioux Tribe.

"This year, sit down with family and friends to discuss an action plan and highlight the concrete steps you plan on taking to support Indigenous communities. 'Another, even simpler way would be to begin participating in what’s called a ‘Voluntary Land Tax,’ whereby non-Indigenous people contribute a recurring tax to the tribal communities whose land you occupy,' said Hooley.

"Food is perhaps the most important part of the Thanksgiving holiday, with turkey, stuffing, and mashed potatoes taking center stage. However, there are many ways we can make sure our dinner tables honour Indigenous futurisms too. Donald A Grinde, Jr is a professor emeritus in the department of Africana and American Studies at the University at Buffalo. Grinde - who is a member of the #YamasseeNation - tells The Independent that crops such as #corn, #beans, #squash, #tomatoes, and #potatoes are central to #IndigenousHistory and future.

"'A good thing is to be thankful for the abundance in the fall and note that Native people created over 60 percent of modern #agricultural #crops,' he said. 'People can be thankful for the crops that Native people created, #medicines created, and traditions about #democracy, #WomensRights and #environmental rights.'

"Rather than buying food from major corporations this year, Hooly also recommended people consciously source their Thanksgiving dinner from Indigenous producers. 'Industrial agriculture is one of the most devastating contributors to the destruction of land and water everywhere, including on Indigenous land,' he said. 'Instead of buying food grown or made by colonial corporations, people could buy their food from Indigenous producers, or even simply make a greater effort to buy locally grown food or not to buy meat harvested from industrial farms.'

"Thanksgiving is just a day away. While it’s important that we’re actively working toward highlighting Indigenous communities on this special holiday, decolonisation efforts are something that should be done year-round.

"'People can also learn about political priorities of the Indigenous communities near them and support those priorities by speaking to their representatives, participating in a protest, or by making sure that their local school and library boards are including Indigenous texts in local community education,' Hooley said."

#Decolonization #CorporateColonialism #LandTheft #CulturalGenocide #CulturalPreservation

Pedro J. Hdez
2 weeks ago

No hay mayor evidencia de que los extremos meteorológicos están afectando a las cosechas que el aumento de las indemnizaciones a los agricultores en EE UU en las últimas dos décadas.

#ExtremeWeather #Insurance #Crops

The Global Plant Council
2 weeks ago

Researchers Find Promising Locus for Molecular Design Breeding in Legumes

In cereal and legume crops, the size of the plant organs, particularly seeds, is closely related to final yield. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying organ size control in legumes are still poorly understood. via Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden #PlantScience #PlantSci #Science #Legumes #PlantMolecular #cereal #crops

Image: A photograph of several potted plants of Medicago truncatula A17. Credit: Ninjatacoshell / Wikimedia
Smithographic℠ — Photographer
2 weeks ago

“View from Bishopstone over to South Downs.”

Image Processed with #RNIAero — Kodak Aerochrome: Infared Film.

→ Free Photo to Download, by &

Licensed under CC BY-NC-SA

#photo #photography #field #kodak #aerochrome #iphone #farm #crops #sky #clouds #seaford #freephotos #freephotographs #rniaero

The Global Plant Council
3 weeks ago

Researchers prove that new method can be used to measure ozone stress in soybeans

As the world focuses on not only solving the climate crisis but also sustaining the world’s food supply, researchers need tools to evaluate how atmospheric pollutants affect crops. Over the past decade, the agriculture community has turned to solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) measurements to detect stresses on plants. #PlantScience #Science #Plants #Crops #Agriculture

Image: Crops at the The SoyFACE (Soybean Free Air Concentration Enrichment) facility. Credit: University of Illinois of Urbana-Champaign
4 weeks ago

Smart Irrigation Technology Covers "More Crop Per Drop"
-- <-- shared technical article
“Placing solutions in the cloud but learning with boots on the ground, GEAR Lab researchers build low-cost, solar-powered irrigation tools to make precision agriculture more accessible..."
#water #waterresources #hydrology #irrigation #smartirrigation #GEAR #MIT #agriculture #farming #global #watermanagement #watersecurity #solarpowered #precisionagriculture #subsistencefarmers #crops #foodproduction #waterscarcity #soilquality #smallholder #farms #farmers #waterstress #sustainableagriculture #dripirrigation #MoreCropPerDrop #appliedscience #appliedtechnology

photo montage - drip irrigation systems consulting
photo - closeup - drip irrigation in field
photo - irrigation control system
photo - drip irrigation test install in a field

Check out my latest co-authorship, "Revising economic injury levels for Lygus spp. in canola: The value of historical yield and insect data to improve decision making"

#Canola is one of the most important cash #crops in #Canada, but yields can be reduced by several #insect #pests including #Lygus spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae). Canola cultivars have been improved substantially since #economic thresholds were developed for Lygus in the 1990's...

The Global Plant Council
1 month ago

Natural GM crops: grasses take evolutionary shortcut by borrowing genes from their neighbours

Grasses transfer genes from their neighbours in the same way genetically modified crops are made, a new study has revealed. via The University of Sheffield #PlantScience #PlantScience #biotechnology #science #grass #GMcrops #crops #PlantBiotechnology

Image: grass field. Credit:  Alexa / Pixabay
1 month ago

In this #JIPB mini-review, Xiao et al. discuss strategies for mitigating NH4+ toxicity in #plants and potential solutions for improving #nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and #stress adaptions in #crops.
#JIPB #PlantScience #agriculture #CropScience #botany

Flow diagram to show processes across the plasma membrane, within the cytosol, across the tonoplast, and in and out of the vacuole--processes by which plants coordinate the utilization of NH4 + and the alleviation of ammonium toxicity.
Biomass Connect
1 month ago

Just over a week to go, join #BiomassConnect and Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC) for an opportunity to learn about growing #biomass #crops in a Northern Climate.

We have 2 back to back events in Scotland so come to both or choose the one that suits you best:
1st Nov - Boghall Farm, Edinburgh -
2nd Nov - Auchincruive, Ayrshire -

All are welcome – please register to book a place. We look forward to seeing you there!

1 month ago

The spotted lanternfly has invaded North America since 2014. It feeds on many host #plants and is a #pest of several woody #crops like #grapevine or apple trees. Studies on the ecology, population dynamics and the most important host plants described in the journal Environmental Entomology (@entsocamerica) by Laura J. Nixon and others -

Population dynamics of Lycorma delicatula on 5 different sentinel host plants kept in the field in 2021, named in descending order of mean abundance of the pest: Ailanthus altissima, Juglans nigra, grapevine, apple trees and peach trees. Top right image from Surendra K. Dara (
The European Network
2 months ago

Finding innovative ways to reduce water use — and expand water storage capacity — is an urgent priority for Italy’s vast agribusiness sector, especially after last year’s severe drought.

It devastated crops and led to disputes between farmers across the traditionally fertile Po river valley over the distribution of scarce water.

Fixing public infrastructure will take years, so growers are finding their own solutions.

#Italy #ClimateChange #Agriculture #Crops #Drought

Rucola science: biotechnologist Daniele Moscariello assesses a crop in a vast greenhouse.
The Global Plant Council
2 months ago

Researchers Show Consequences Of Inaction on Devastating Banana Disease

Lurking inside the crops of banana-producing-areas in east and central Africa is a disease called Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW)—and new modeling by researchers has shown that if left uncontrolled, this bacterial disease could cause a 55% reduction in banana production in newly affected regions within 10 years. via CIAT #PlantHealth #PlantScience #PlantSci #science #Plants #banana #crops

Image: a banana plant in the field with a dead leaf. Credit: Guy Blomme, South Kivu Province, Eastern DR Congo.
CelloMom On Cars
2 months ago

"Over the last 30 years, an estimated $3.8 trillion worth of #crops and #livestock production has been lost due to #disaster events, corresponding to an average loss of $123 billion per year or 5 percent of annual global agricultural gross domestic product (GDP), according to a new report released today by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (#FAO)."

In case you're wondering why food is getting so expensive.

Scientific Frontline
2 months ago

One of the building blocks of #ocean life can adapt to cope with the effects of #climate change, according to new research. The discovery holds promises for #biotechnology developments that could counter the negative effects of changing environmental conditions, such as #ocean warming and even the reduction in the productivity of #crops.
#Microbiology #Environmental #ClimateChange #sflorg

The Global Plant Council
2 months ago

Plant male sterility boosts breeding and hybrid crop production. Recently, scientists uncovered the SDGMS gene's mechanism in the stable Sanming Dominant Genic Male Sterile (SDGMS) Rice. A retrotransposon triggers SDGMS expression in sterile plants' tapetal cells, underlining the role of transposable elements in genome evolution. SDGMS rice streamlines rice breeding by eliminating manual emasculation. #PlantScience #rice #plants #crops #agriculture

Image: farmer working in a rice field. Credit: CCO

Russia has destroyed almost 300,000 metric tons of #grain since July in #attacks on #Ukraine's port facilities and on ships, the Ukrainian government said on Friday, underscoring the #war's threat to global #food security. The Russians have hit six civilian ships and 150 port and grain facilities during 17 attacks, destroying #crops headed for #export.

Ricardo Harvin
2 months ago

In the #US, 100% useless and very #climate-destructive #lawn #grass consumes more #acreage than #food #crops.

This ongoing series of one person's #rewilding of their yard is small-scale Everything, Everywhere, All at Once.

"...the #FoodWeb is an #EnergyWeb...bugs which eat plants are a main contributor to this conversion."

"Don't think you have to do a ton of rewilding, just start small."

Five reasons to submit to JXB...

1️⃣ Reputation
2️⃣ Content
3️⃣ Open Science
4️⃣ Promotion post-publication
5️⃣ Community (profits reinvested via the Society for Experimental Biology)

#PlantScience #Crops #ECR #PhD #Academia #Botany

The Global Plant Council
2 months ago

Peppers are a versatile, flavorful, and widely popular crop, used not only as a healthy food source but also for their medicinal properties. In a new study, an international team of researchers has sequenced the genomes of key cultivated and wild pepper species, offering unprecedented insights into pepper evolution, domestication, and genetic diversity. via BTI #agriculture #PlantScience #science #Plants #Peppers #crops #food

Image: mixture of clean peppers or various colours. Credit: Kai Pilger / Pixabay
The Global Plant Council
2 months ago

Optimizing cacao pollination for higher yields

A study in Peru aimed to enhance the success of organic cacao cultivation by improving pollination methods and plantation design. The research discovered techniques that increased pollination success and resulted in higher-quality cacao, addressing the issue of lower yields due to inadequate pollination and benefiting farmers financially. via University of Würzburg #PlantScience #Agriculture #Cacao #science #crops

Image: For a cacao plant to bear such rich fruit, it needs effective pollination. A research group, in which JMU was involved, has investigated how this can best be achieved. Credit: Justine Vansynghel / Uni Würzburg)
Morpheus Being
2 months ago

#Agriculture #Crops #Building #Hemp

For thousands of years, hemp ranked highly among civilisation's most useful plants.

The futuristic-thinking car mogul Henry Ford even built an entire prototype car from hemp.

But hemp went the way of sailing ships, falling from favour with the declining demand for hempen ropes and cordage and the rise of synthetics.

My latest co-authorship "Precision agricultural data and ecosystem services: Can we put the pieces together?" should be accessible online very soon at:


1. Ecosystem services can maintain or increase crop yield in agricultural systems, but data to support management decisions are expensive and time-consuming to collect...

#agriculture #ecosystem #data #crops

🌸 "Fruit set" is the #ovary-to-#fruit transition
🍒 Molecular, hormonal, and metabolic mechanisms of this process in horticultural #crops are reviewed here, including the role of SlIAA9 and SlDELLA/PROCERA in #tomato #auxin and #gibberellin #signalling.

2 months ago

Our latest New #Technology feature highlights a new SPT system for foxtail #millet that makes #seed-sorting easier and provides a powerful tool for #hybrid seed production in small-grained #crops with high propagation efficiency. #JIPB #CropScience #PlantScience #botany

Image of red and yellow foxtail millet seeds against a white background.

The newly EU-funded MICROBES4CLIMATE brings together 30 partners from across #Europe, including SIB, to look at how #microorganisms can improve the #climateresilience of #plants and #crops.

The aim? To provide researchers with an integrated network of infrastructure to foster #openresearch #data and boost our knowledge on the topic.

More about this endeavour and our expertise in knowledge representation and #environmental #bioinformatics: @dessimoz

Image showing a tree in a deserted landscape
Petra van Cronenburg
2 months ago

"Du pain, du vin et du boursin" - #artInProcess #artInProgress One of my #BiodiversityShrines -- here a try about #FoodSecurity not yet finished. (The French publicity was the first in television in 1968, changing the way of manipulation and consumerism completely.) #embroidery #PoliticalStitching #Activism #assemblage #ArtActivism #crops #wheat #grain #Klosterarbeiten #biodiversityLoss #craftivism


GRAB - Persistent narratives, persistent failures: Why GM crops do not—and will not—“feed the world”

Taarini Chopra

#GMO #GeneticallyEngineered #GeneticallyModified #Crops #CropYields #CropIncome #CanAg

#OpenScholarship from CFS

#Read all you want! #OpenAccess
#Share generously! #KnowledgeSharing
#Grow your understanding of #Food

Rafagas Links
2 months ago

Interactive to check the types of crops that grow in the USA and how they vary from year to year, made with the new version of GL JS that allows the client to change the style of the raster images #crops

Fedi.Garden 🌱
3 months ago

Growers Social is a server for green thumb enthusiasts! Whether you’re a gardening pro, an amateur grower or a newbie farmer, come grow with us:


For more info see the About page at or contact the admin at @bryson

#FeaturedServer #Gardening #Agriculture #Gardeners #Gardener #Growers #Grower #Plants #Crops #Gardens #Farmers #Farming #Farms #Mastodon #Fediverse

4 months ago

#SouthAmerica's scorching winter is decimating #crops and threatening lives

Story by Marina E. Franco, August 15, 2023

"This winter in South America has been one of the hottest on record, intensifying crises created over the last year by severe #droughts, #wildfires and #floods in some regions.

"Why it matters: Experts say the #Extremeweather is already threatening critical #biodiversity and the lives of millions in a region where many reside in slums or informal housing with little #infrastructure.

"Threat level: Much of the northern hemisphere has experienced deadly #heatwaves and weather disasters this summer. July was the hottest month on record.

"In South America, the 'hot' winter effect stems both from the El Niño phenomenon that warms ocean temperatures and from man-made #globalwarming says Alejandro Max Pastén, head of hydrological prediction at Paraguay's Weather Service.

"'What's being done so far to stem this is either not yet panning out or simply not enough, and the effects are increasingly plain to see,' adds Pastén, who also leads the atmospheric sciences department at Paraguay's Universidad Nacional de Asunción.

"Extreme weather has caused significant reductions in crops for local consumption and for exports, which contribute to many of South America's economies. For example, drought has slashed #Argentina's #soybean yields to the lowest in 24 years, threatening its status as world's largest exporter of #soybeanoil and meal.

"Increased and irregular #glacier melting has put lives and livelihoods in danger since many people depend on regular meltoff for drinking water and #agriculture. It is also used to supply #hydroelectric power generation, which could be affected as glacier water becomes more scarce.

"The World Meteorological Organization has warned that a diminished hydroelectric power supply is increasing demand for fossil fuels in a region that has 'major untapped potential for #renewable energy.'

"What's happening: Heat waves have hit several South American nations since July, the second month of winter. The average temperature in #BuenosAires in early August is 59°F — this year it's been 86°. Temperatures in #Chile hit 100° this month.

"#ExtremeHeat has worsened drought conditions and also made the region more prone to dangerous landslides when it rains.

"Parts of #Uruguay have been under a 'water emergency' since June because of drought, and that same month #Bolivia had a mix of drought, heavy rains and frost."

Read more:

#ExtremeWeather #ClimateChange #ClimateCrisis

4 months ago

I wrote about farms like this one when I did a story about #UnityMaine, the home of the #CommonGroundFair -- a celebration of #OrganicFarming in #Maine. It makes me so sad to see them having to go out of business because #MaineDEP and #EPAFail led to #toxic #sludge being marketed as "fertilizer".

‘I don’t know how we’ll survive’: the #farmers facing ruin in #Maine’s ‘forever chemicals’ crisis

Maine faces a crisis from #PFAS-contaminated produce, which is causing farms to close and farmers to face the loss of their livelihoods

by Tom Perkins, 22 Mar 2022 06.05 EDT

"Songbird Farm’s 17 acres (7 hectares) hold sandy loam fields, three greenhouses and cutover woods that comprise an idyllic setting near Maine’s central coast. The small organic operation carved out a niche growing heirloom grains, tomatoes, sweet garlic, cantaloupe and other products that were sold to organic food stores or as part of a community-supported agriculture program, where people pay to receive boxes of locally grown produce.

Farmers Johanna Davis and Adam Nordell bought Songbird in 2014. By 2021 the young family with their three-year-old son were hitting their stride, Nordell said.

"But disaster struck in December. The couple learned the farm’s previous owner had decades earlier used PFAS-tainted sewage sludge, or '#biosolids', as fertilizer on Songbird’s fields. Testing revealed their soil, drinking #water, irrigation water, #crops, chickens and #blood were #contaminated with high levels of the #ToxicChemicals.

"The couple quickly recalled products, alerted customers, suspended their operation and have been left deeply fearful for their financial and physical wellbeing.

"'This has flipped everything about our lives on its head,' Nordell said. 'We haven’t done a blood test on our kid yet and that’s the most terrifying part. It’s fucking devastating.'"

Read more:

#EPA #InformedConsent #PFOS #WaterIsLife #ToxicWaste #FoodProduction

4 months ago

2022: #Maine bans use of sewage sludge on #farms to reduce risk of #PFAS poisoning

Sludge used as crop #fertilizer has #contaminated #soil, #water, #crops and #cattle, forcing #farmers to quit

by Tom Perkins, Thu 12 May 2022 11.00 EDT

"Maine last month became the first state to ban the practice of spreading PFAS-contaminated sewage sludge as fertilizer.

"But it’s largely on its own in the US, despite a recent report estimating about 20m acres of cropland across the country may be contaminated.

"Most states are only beginning to look at the problem and some are increasing the amount of sludge they spread on farm fields despite the substance being universally contaminated with PFAS and destroying livelihoods in Maine.

"'Maine is at the forefront of this because we’ve seen first-hand the damage that sludge causes to farms,' said Patrick MacRoy, deputy director of the non-profit Defend Our Health Maine. The new law also prohibits sludge from being composted with other organic material.

"PFAS, or per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, are a class of chemicals used across dozens of industries to make products resistant to water, stains and heat. Though the compounds are highly effective, they are also linked to #cancer, #KidneyDisease, #BirthDefects, decreased #immunity, #liver problems and a range of other serious diseases.

"Sewage sludge is a semi-solid mix of human excrement and industrial #waste that water treatment plants pull from the nation’s sewer system. It’s expensive to dispose of, and about 60% of it is now lightly treated and sold or given away as 'biosolid' fertilizer because it is high in plant nutrients.

"Maine and #Michigan are the only two states that are routinely checking sludge and farms for PFAS, and both are finding contamination on farms to be widespread.

"Maine’s legislature banned the practice of spreading sludge as fertilizer in April [2022] after environmental officials discovered astronomical levels of PFAS in water, crops, cattle and soil on farms where sludge had been spread, and high PFAS levels have been detected in farmers’ blood.

"#Contamination from PFAS-tainted sludge has already poisoned well water on around a dozen farms, and has forced several Maine farms to shutter. The state is investigating about 700 more fields where PFAS-contaminated sludge was spread in recent years. Farmers have told the Guardian that many of their peers with contaminated land won’t alert the state because they fear financial ruin.

"Maine also approved the creation of a $60m fund that will be used to help farmers cover medical monitoring, for buyouts and for other forms of financial assistance.

"'Folks have been left out to dry without any real help so we’re grateful to see that,' MacRoy said. The sludge legislation comes after Maine last year enacted the nation’s first ban on non-essential uses of PFAS in products. It goes into effect in 2030.

"In Michigan, environmental officials have downplayed the detection of PFAS in sludge and on farms, and although the state prohibits highly contaminated sludge from being spread, it allows higher levels of the chemicals in sludge than Maine. State regulators have also identified PFAS polluters and required them to stop discharging the chemicals into the sewers.

"Questions remain about whether that’s enough to keep PFAS out of Michigan’s food supply. Instead of implementing a wide-scale program to test livestock, crops and dairy, the state identified 13 farms it considered most at risk and has claimed contamination on other farms isn’t a risk.

"Michigan is ahead of most other states. In #Virginia, environmental regulators are considering permitting an additional 6,000 acres worth of sludge to be spread and have so far resisted public health advocates’ calls to test for PFAS and reject new sludge permits.

"In #Alabama, the state’s department of environmental management said in 2019 that 'the best use of biosolids is as a [fertilizer].'

"Even as the crisis unfolds in Maine, officials in Alabama are increasing the amount of out-of-state sludge that’s imported and spread on fields or landfilled, and the state in 2020 updated its biosolids rule to 'encourage' the use of #biosolids as fertilizer. Alabama does not test sludge for PFAS."

#EPA #EPAFail #InformedConsent #PFOS #WaterIsLife #ToxicWaste #FoodProduction

Nonia Pariente
4 months ago

A Community Page highlights new tools and resources to accelerate #ClimateChange resilience in #rice

Two Essays discuss how to engineer plant traits that we don't completely understand, and how introgressions from wild relatives and traditional varieties can be used to improve the resilience of modern #crops

#ClimateChange #plants #engineering #sustainability #sustainabledevelopmentgoals #foodsecurity

Nonia Pariente
4 months ago

Check out @PLOSBiology's new collection on "Engineering plants for a changing climate".

You can read more about the rationale behind the collection in our editorial (

Read on below for a thread with a collection overview.

#ClimateChange #plants #engineering #sustainability #sustainabledevelopmentgoals #foodsecurity #carboncapture #crops #rice

CelloMom On Cars
4 months ago

"Across #Beijing an average of seven inches of #rain fell between Saturday night and Monday afternoon, but state media said a deluge of 23 inches had fallen in one part of the capital.

Authorities did not release initial estimates on the financial #losses caused by the inundations, but they noted that such torrential rains could flatten #crops and #flood low-lying #farm fields."


This is wild. Rent some #bees to deliver #microbes to your #crops to fight pests.

Someone who understands the whole microbe intervention with the crops explain whether this is a good thing?

4 months ago

#WashingtonState #wildfires threaten animals, homes, #crops

Story by Cristen Hemingway Jaynes, July 27, 2023

"A wildfire that started in #Klickitat County, Washington, on Friday afternoon destroyed more than 30,000 acres in less than a day and continues to grow as it feeds on brush, grass and forest vegetation.

"Fire crews are working to extinguish the #NewellRoadWildfire near #Bickleton, which has resulted in the evacuation of residents in the rural area, and is threatening #farms, #livestock, #homes and #wind and #SolarFarms, reported KOMO News.

"'It's very difficult terrain to fight fire,' said Allen Lebovitz, a spokesperson for the state's Department of Natural Resources, as Reuters reported. 'We are under a red flag warning. That's a #firefighter's worst nightmare because the #humidity is dropping precipitously. The winds are picking up. And so the fire carries extremely fast.'

"The wildfire is burning just to the north of where the #Oregon-Washington border is represented by the #ColumbiaRiver. It has destroyed several structures and is threatening a #NaturalGas #pipeline.

"Lebovitz said the fire was heading in the direction of the #Yakama Indian Reservation."

The Global Plant Council
4 months ago

Helping plants and bacteria work together reduces fertiliser need

Researchers have shown a new way to boost plant nutrient uptake and growth. This could reduce the need for fertilisers, an input to agriculture which can be harmful for the environment. via Uni of Warwick #plantscience #plantsci #agriculture #crops #plants

Image: Medicago truncatula. Credit: Ninjatacoshell / Wikimedia Commons
4 months ago

#Vermont: State officials inspect flooded farms as growers grapple with #CropLoss

by Hailey Morgan
Published: Jul. 24, 2023 at 5:42 AM EDT

"ESSEX JUNCTION, Vt. (WCAX) - Vermont lost nearly 10,000 acres of #crops-- with likely more to be discovered-- after the flooding two weeks ago. State leaders say farmers also reported losing poultry in the flooding. But farmers across the state are now grappling with the overall impact the flood had on their bottom line and what it could mean for the fall harvest.

"Monday, state and federal leaders toured the damage. 'A lot of stuff is injured,' said Paul Mazza of Paul Mazza Fruit and Vegetable.

"Mazza owns hundreds of acres of fields throughout Essex, Jericho, Williston and Colchester. After the flooding earlier this month, he says he lost upward of two-thirds of his crops including apples, berries, corn and other vegetables.

"'If you stick your head underwater and you don’t get air, you’re going to have brain damage and you’re never coming back. That’s basically what happened to a lot of the plants. They are injured too bad to be healthy,' he said."

#ClimateCrisis #ClimateChange #ClimateCatastrophe #HungerGames

4 months ago

Guardian: Rampant heatwaves threaten food security of entire planet, scientists warn Scientist: "There are growing risks of simultaneous major crop losses in different regions in the world, which will really affect food availability and prices. This is not what we’re seeing right now, but in the coming decades that’s one of the things I’m really scared of." #heatwaves #climate #food #FoodSecurity #farming #crops

Headline: Rampant heatwaves threaten food security of entire planet, scientists warn
The Global Plant Council
5 months ago

Exciting Breakthrough in Chickpea Research: Unraveling the Secrets of Drought and Root Rot Resistance

A team of researchers has made significant strides in understanding how a tiny molecule, known as MicroRNA397, can play a crucial role in enhancing chickpea’s resilience against drought and dry root rot disease. via National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR) #plantscience #plantsci #crops #agriculture #Drought #planthealth #science #Chickpea

Image 2: Research team in the field. Credit: Santosh Kumar Gupta
Image 1: Left: chickpea platlet. Right: A handful of chickpeas. credit: Santosh Kumar Gupta
Aure Free Press
5 months ago

Why is noone talking about reduced food production in this blistering global heat?

2023 Cereal crops up to 60% reduced due to European heatwave
#News #GlobalWarming #climatechange #crops #foodproduction #drought

Climate change is not only making the weather more extreme, but also affecting the quality and quantity of our crops. A new study shows that most crop models are underestimating the negative impacts of climate change on crop yields and nutritional value. The study calls for more accurate and comprehensive assessments to inform adaptation strategies and food security. #climatechange #crops #food

5 months ago

Future of the human climate niche
Quantifying the human cost of global warming

Future of the human climate niche
"All species have an environmental niche, and despite technological advances, humans are unlikely to be an exception. Here, we demonstrate that for millennia, human populations have resided in the same narrow part of the climatic envelope available on the globe, characterized by a major mode around ∼11 °C to 15 °C mean annual temperature (MAT). "
"We show that in a business-as-usual climate change scenario, the geographical position of this temperature niche is projected to shift more over the coming 50 y than it has moved since 6000 BP."
"Global warming will affect ecosystems as well as human health, livelihoods, food security, water supply, and economic growth in many ways."

Quantifying the human cost of global warming
"The costs of climate change are often estimated in monetary terms, but this raises ethical issues. Here we express them in terms of numbers of people left outside the ‘human climate niche’—defined as the historically highly conserved distribution of relative human population density with respect to mean annual temperature. We show that climate change has already put ~9% of people (>600 million) outside this niche."
"The worst-case scenarios of ~3.6 °C or even ~4.4 °C global warming could put half of the world population outside the historical climate niche, posing an existential risk"
"The ~2.7 °C global warming expected under current policies puts around a third of the world population outside the niche."

#AdaptationInSitu #climate #mitigation #ClimateJustice #Injustices #ethics #food #crops #livestock #mammals #pests #pathogens #disease #mortality #HighTemperatures #hotspots #exposure #FossilFuels #harm #ParisAgreement #HumanClimateNiche #niche #home #ClimateAction

Aure Free Press
5 months ago

Risks of synchronized low crop / produce yields are underestimated in climate and crop model projections

The chances of simultaneous crop losses in the world’s major growing regions, caused by climate breakdown, appear to have been dangerously underestimated and virtually ignored by the world's governments!
#News #Breaking #BreakingNews #GlobalWarming #climatechange #crops

CelloMom On Cars
5 months ago

Temperature of 52.2 C (126 F) in #Sanbao township in #Xinjiang breaks previous record by nearly 2C.

"Prolonged bouts of high temperatures in #China have challenged power grids and #crops, and concerns are mounting of a possible repeat of last year's #drought, the most severe in 60 years.

China is no stranger to dramatic swings in temperatures across the seasons but the swings are getting wider."

Scientists Raise Alarm Over Risk of 'Synchronized' Global #CropFailures
New research exposes an underestimated risk of simultaneous global #food supply shocks due to #climatechange. #climate #climatecrisis #crops #farming #agriculture

"Google also records a global total of five news stories about a scientific paper published last week, showing that the chances of simultaneous crop losses in the world’s major growing regions, caused by climate breakdown, appear to have been dangerously underestimated. In mediaworld, a place that should never be confused with the real world, celebrity gossip is thousands of times more important than existential risk."

#ClimateChange #hunger #food #distribution #crops #MediaFail

"According to Google’s news search, the media has run more than 10,000 stories this year about Phillip Schofield, the British television presenter who resigned over an affair with a younger colleague."

~ George Monbiot

#ClimateChange #hunger #food #distribution #crops #MediaFail

PLOS Biology
5 months ago

The wild relatives of domesticated plants have genetic diversity that could help crops adapt to #ClimateChange. This #PLOSBiology Essay looks at how wild relatives and traditional varieties can be utilized to improve #crops. #agriculture #plants

Diagram showing relationships among crop wild relatives, traditional varieties and modern cultivars.
Kathy Reid
5 months ago

Good morning, #Fediverse :fediverse: It's time for me to do another #ConnectionList #Introduction #Introductions post, where I hand-select interesting people on #Mastodon you may wish to follow - using my reach to more closely connect us together.

@digitisethedawn is a #bot which posts content from The Dawn: A Journal for Australian Women 1888-1905, digitised in #Trove by the National Library of Australia (@nlagovau on Twitter) as the result of a campaign spear-headed by @kattekrab. A delight for #DigitalHumanities and history scholars 🎓 📚 🇦🇺

@tiny_m is new to #Mastodon, please make them welcome (not assuming pronouns). They enjoy #WebDev, #costumes, #CosPlay, #sparkly and #animals

@divinetechygirl is Christina and they are into #security and #identity #infosec 🔒

@hamub is Humphrey Butau, who blogs about #Python, #Django and #htmx 🐍. Humprey is a #PSF and #DSF #Fellow and you can read their blog at 🇿🇼

@ssharwood is the APAC editor of tech news site, The Register (don't know if they're on Mastodon, the results for them don't look legit). Into enterprise #tech, #auspol, #science, #cycling and #cricket 🇦🇺

@DanielleVossebeld is a #PhD candidate on #complexity of #design in #nursing and researches design and #engineering 🇳🇱

@ErikUden is the #MastoAdmin for and is an #OpenSource enthusiast (too!) 🐧 🇩🇪

@antonwasson is a #scientists in #Canberra #CBR interested in #phenotyping, #farming and #crops 🇦🇺

@LR is Luca Rossi, who is a #researcher in #DigitalMedia at the #University of #Copenhagen 🇩🇰

That's all for today, don't forget to share your own lists ❤️

5 months ago

Pesticides and herbicides are killing the planet. We have to change the way we farm, garden & grow crops

Just Stop Pesticides

#pesticides #herbicides #ecocide #biodiversityCrisis #farming #crops #agriculture #gardening #Allotment #insects #plants #soil

Anne N. Connor
5 months ago

Recently updated climate models show that a meandering jet stream is likely to drive significant crop failures. Heat waves due to jet stream instability are already harming our ability to grow food. #climate #food #crops #agriculture #famine #jetstream

David Sacerdote
5 months ago

There's a new paper on the increased risk that a wavier jet stream in a warmer wold will result in simultaneous crop failures in multiple major grain-producing regions:

Kai Kornhuber, the lead author, unfortunately choose to tweet about it instead of tooting here:

#climate #ClimateCrisis #jetstream #crops

Screenshot of tweet by Kai Kornhuber

'Risks of synchronized low yields are underestimated in climate and crop model projections' our new paper in @NatureComms

We find model biases in #ExtremeHeat linked to large waves in the #Jetstream, a major driver of recent record breaking #HeatWaves.

Image at bottom of Tweet: An illustration of the Jetstream and how it affects warm and cold anomalies over major crop producing regions
Alan Kotok
7 months ago

Biotech Partners on Synthetic Proteins to Protect Crops

A developer of synthetic #antibody-like #proteins for protecting #crops is collaborating with a global #agricultural chemical company on sustainable #biologic #insect controls.

#News #Science #Business #Agriculture #Collaboration #SyntheticBiology #Europe #Biotechnology #Chemistry #Pests #Sustainable

Wood moth larva
John O Loughlin
1 year ago

So, it looks like an #introduction is the thing to do, being a #crops #farmer is my day job which keeps the wheels rolling, so it's no surprise that the #weather is one of my preoccupations, I'm always looking at the latest (weather) models or just up at the sky wondering whats going on. In my spare time I'm a #cyclist, took it up 10 years ago or so and was a confirmed #roadie but during the lockdowns I bought a #gravelbike and since then can often be found down the local #bogroad or #canalbank