Today In Labor History September 29, 1941: Nazi forces, with the aid of the Ukrainian auxiliary police and local Ukrainian collaborators, began the two-day Babi Yar massacre, killing some 33,771 Jews. Other victims included Soviet prisoners of war, communists and Romani people. It was the largest single massacre in the Holocaust up to that date, and the 3rd largest, overall, after the 1941 Odessa massacre (>50,000 victims) and Aktion Erntefest of November 1943 in occupied Poland (> 42,000 victims). During the Nazi occupation, up to 150,000 people in total were murdered at Babi Yar.
Today in Labor History September 26, 2014: A mass kidnapping in Iguala, Mexico. 43 male students from the Ayotzinapa Rural Teachers' College were abducted and disappeared, most likely by local police, federal police and Mexican Army, possibly in collusion with the Guerreros Unidos drug cartel, as well. However, The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights conducted a 6-month investigation and concluded that the government’s story that the drug cartel mistook them for a rival gang and then murdered them and dumped their bodies in a garbage dump was scientifically impossible. The students had been on their way to the annual commemoration of the 1968 Tlatelolco massacre, in Mexico City. The mass kidnapping caused continued international protests and social unrest, leading to the resignation of Guerrero Governor Ángel Aguirre Rivero. Iguala Mayor José Luis Abarca Velázquez was accused of masterminding the abduction, but was never put on trial. However, a month later, he was arrested for the murder of activist Arturo Hernández Cardona.
Today in Labor History September 24, 1906: The Atlanta massacre ended on this day. Rioting by white mobs began on September 22 after newspapers published several luridly detailed and unsubstantiated reports of black men allegedly raping 4 local women. The racist mobs destroyed black businesses and homes, killing at least 25 African Americans (official reports). However, the actual death toll may be closer to 100. Black men, including university professors, met to organize defense committees and began arming themselves. However, police and state militias raided their meetings and disarmed them. One cop was killed in the fight. W. E. B. Du Bois, who was teaching at Atlanta University at the time, purchased a shotgun when rioting broke out. "I bought a Winchester double-barreled shotgun and two dozen rounds of shells filled with buckshot. If a white mob had stepped on the campus where I lived I would without hesitation have sprayed their guts over the grass." The massacre was not publicly marked in Georgia until 2006, its 100th anniversary, nor made part of state's curriculum for public schools until 2007.
Today in Labor History September 18, 1988: The 8888 Uprising in Myanmar ended. Students started the protests in Yangon. As the protests spread, hundreds of thousands of monks, children, university students, housewives, doctors and common people joined the movement to overthrow the military dictatorship. Up to 10,000 people were slaughtered over the 6-month protest movement.
New radio documentary tells the story of the Irish man who led the Bear River Massacre
‘What happened, happened. There is no question about a lot of what happened in this country, it’s documented and a whole lot of the things that happened here are not pleasant to think about but you have to tell the truth.’ historian Rod Miller author of Massacre at Bear River.
Today in Labor History September 15, 1923: Japanese anarchist Osugi Sakae was murdered by the Japanese military. In the wake of the 7.9 magnitude 1923 Kantō earthquake, which killed over 100,000 people, and the protests that ensured, Japanese police, military and vigilantes slaughtered over 6,000 dissidents and ethnic Koreans in the Kantō Massacre, including Ōsugi and his nephew.
September 10 in so-called Colombia...
#Molotov attacks on cops in commemoration of Javier Ordóñez riots
“The Javier Ordóñez protests refers to a series of protests and riots in Colombia. The protests started in #Bogotá, the country's capital, following the torture and murder of Javier Ordóñez by police officers while in custody on 9 September 2020. The unrest then spread to many cities throughout Colombia. As a results of the protests, 13 people died and over 400 were injured. A #UN-backed report categorized the deaths of 11 of the victims as a #massacre by the Colombian #police”
Statements and affidavits in Russia, 09.14.2023, ersatzes and counterfeiters in Russia
Human rights Libertad
Today in Labor History September 10, 1897: A sheriff and deputies killed 19 striking miners and wounded 40 others in Lattimer mine, near Hazelton, Pennsylvania during a peaceful mining protest. Many of those killed were originally brought in as strikebreakers, but then later organized and joined the strike. The miners were mostly Polish, Lithuanian, Slovak and German. The massacre was a turning point for the UMW. Working and safety conditions were terrible. 32,000 miners had died from 1870-1897, just in the northeastern coalfields of Pennsylvania. Wages had dropped 17% since the mid-1890s.
The strike began in mid-August, when teenage mule drivers walked off the job to protest the consolidation of stables, which had forced them to walk much further just to get to work. After a scuffle between drivers and supervisors, two thousand men walked out, as well. Soon, all the mines in the region had joined the strike. Most of the men who weren’t already members of the UMW quickly joined the union. Up to 10,000 miners were now on strike. The mine owners’ private police, known as the Coal & Iron Police (miners called them Cossacks, for their brutality), was too small to quash the strike, so they called on the sheriff to intervene. He mustered a posse of 100 Irish and English immigrants, who confronted the miners as they marched toward Latimer, on Sep 10. Along the way, they joked about how many miners they were going to kill.
The massacre provoked a near uprising. The sheriff called for the deployment of the National Guard, which sent 2,500 troops to quell the unrest. 10 days later, a group of Slavic women, armed with fire pokers and rolling pins, led 150 men and boys to shut down the McAdoo coal works, but were stopped by the National Guards. The sheriff, and 73 deputized vigilantes, were put on trial. However, despite evidence clearly showing that most of the miners had been shot in the back, and none had been armed, they were all acquitted.
Today in Labor History September 2, 1921: The Battle of Blair Mountain ended on this date in 1921, with the U.S. government bombing striking coal miners by plane, the second time the U.S. government used planes to bomb its own citizens (the first was in the Tulsa riots, earlier that year). The Battle of Blair Mountain was one of the largest civil uprisings in U.S. history and the largest armed insurrection since the Civil War. The uprising lasted 5 days and involved 10,000-15,000 coal miners confronting an army of scabs and police. The battle came as mine owners tried to crush attempts by coal miners to unionize the southwestern West Virginia coalfields. From the late 1800s, mine owners forced workers to live in company towns, where rent was deducted from their wages and they were paid in scrip, which was accepted only at the overpriced company stores and was worthless everywhere else. The work was very dangerous and safety equipment and precautions were minimal. The mine owners had a long tradition of using private detectives and goons to spy on workers, infiltrate their meetings, rough them up, and block any attempts to unionize. The battle began after Sheriff Sid Hatfield (an ally of the miners and hero from the Battle of Matewan) was assassinated by Baldwin-Felts agents. Much of the region was still under martial law as a result of the Battle of Matewan. Miners began to leave the mountains armed and ready for battle. Mother Jones tried to dissuade them from marching into Logan and Mingo Counties, fearing a bloodbath. Many accused her of losing her nerve. The miners ignored her and a battle ensued between miners and cops, private detectives, scabs and eventually the U.S. military.
Today in Labor History September 2, 1885: 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize for better wages and work conditions, attacked their Chinese fellow workers in the Rock Springs massacre in Wyoming. As a result, they killed 28 Chinese miners, wounded 15 others and forced all the other Chinese to flee town. By the time the federal troops arrived, there were no surviving Chinese people left in town.
Today in Labor History August 31, 1798: Irish rebels, with French assistance, established the short-lived Republic of Connacht during the Irish Rebellion of 1798. On September 8, 1798, just weeks after its proclamation, the British army defeated the new Republic at the Battle of Ballinamuck. The British army then spread out into the rebel-held Province of Connacht, slaughtering people and burning villages. And they hunted down and hanged with many of the rebel leaders.
Today in Labor History August 30, 1813: The Fort Mims massacre took place during the Creek War. The Red Sticks faction of the Creek Nation, under the command of head warriors Peter McQueen and William Weatherford, stormed Fort Mims and defeated the militia garrison. Afterward, they massacred nearly all the remaining Creek métis, white settlers, and militia at the fort. Their victory spread panic throughout the Southeast. Settlers fled. Thousands of whites fled their settlements for Mobile, which struggled to accommodate them. The Red Stick victory was one of the greatest Native American victories. They were facilitated by the fact that Federal troops were bogged down at the northern front of the War of 1812. However, local state militias, commanded by Major General Andrew Jackson and allied with Cherokees, ultimately defeated the Red Sticks Creek faction at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, ending the Creek War.
The Fort Mims massacre is cited in Gone with the Wind, by Margaret Mitchell. Grandma Fontaine shares her memories of seeing her entire family murdered in the Creek uprising following the massacre as a lesson to Scarlett.
Today in Labor History August 29, 1970: LAPD brutally attacked 10,000 Chicano antiwar demonstrators, killing three, including journalist Ruben Salazar. The attack led to a week of rioting. Salazar was portrayed under the name "Roland Zanzibar" in Oscar Zeta Acosta's 1973 novel “The Revolt of the Cockroach People.” Oscar Zeta Acosta, himself, was portrayed in Hunter S. Thompson’s “Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas,” as his “Samoan attorney.” Salazar wrote for the L.A. Times and was the first mainstream journalist to cover the Chicano community. He covered the 1965 U.S. occupation of the Dominican Republican, as well as the 1968 Tlatelolco Massacre in Mexico City. He often wrote critically about how the local L.A. government treated Chicano people, particularly during and after the school walkouts.
US knew of Saudi forces killing Ethiopian migrants, but kept quiet — report
Washington was informed of killings on Saudi-Yemen border while trying to smooth ties with Riyadh and broker deal for Israel, New York Times reports
It's ridiculous that all these #Republican #candidates are expressing #outrage and sadness about the #racist #Florida #massacre of three black people. It's so phony and disingenuous. It's their #policies and their actions that are to blame for this, and other #shootings. It's their refusal to take any meaningful action on the subject of #gunViolence that leads to tragedies like this.
#black #metal #blackmetal #metal
#eating #humans #babies #etc
#music #lessons #guitar #keys #beats #vocal #drums #etc
#animal #cruelty #animalcruelity
#drugs #lsd #shrooms #etc
Today in Labor History August 27, 1942: Germans and Ukrainian Auxiliary Police began the Sarny Massacre in Nazi-occupied Poland (now part of Ukraine). They killed 14,000-18,000 people over 2 days, mostly Jews from Sarny and neighboring towns. At least 100 Roma were also killed. Prior to the massacre, Sarny had a Jewish population of 5-7,000. Soviet forces had occupied the town since 1939, retreated after the Nazi assault on the USSR in 1941. However, Ukrainian nationalists remained, hoping that their alliance with the Nazis would help them create an independent Ukraine.
The mass grave in Liepaja was found in an industrial zone scheduled to be expanded; head of country's Jewish museum says it is wrong to construct buildings on top of it. A mass grave of Jews murdered by the Nazis in Latvia was uncovered in the city of Liepaja using special technology invented by United States researchers, Latvian television reported Wednesday.
I like #Wikipedia a lot. However, depending on the language you read a specific page in Wikipedia, you will see that the human/cultural/political bias and/or influence is so high.
Today's example: the so called #banana #massacre of workers of the US company #UnitedFruit in Colombia (1928). #USA forced Colombia to 'stop' a workers strike at any cost and #Colombia sent the army to kill civilians.
Now, compare the versions in English and Spanish:
24 août 1572 - #Massacre de la Saint-Barthélemy #histoire https://activite-paranormale.net/event/read/177/massacre-de-la-saint-barthelemy
Today in Labor History August 23, 1909: IWW strikers boarded a streetcar in McKees Rock, Pennsylvania looking for scabs, during the Pressed Streetcar Strike, in the Mckees Rock borough of Pittsburgh. A deputy sheriff shot at them and was killed in the return fire. A gun battle ensued that killed 12-26 workers. IWW cofounder, William Trautman, led the Wobbly contingent during the strike. He later wrote a novel, “Riot,” based on the strike. After the authorities arrested Trautman during the strike, Big Bill Haywood and Joe Ettor came to organize the strikers.
Pressed Streetcar employed 6,000 people, mostly immigrant, from 16 different ethnic backgrounds. It was the second largest streetcar manufacturer in the country. Working conditions were horrendous, even by Pittsburgh standards. Locals referred to it as the slaughterhouse. The local coroner estimated that workers were dying at a rate of one per day, mostly by cranes. Slavic immigrants complained that company officials forced their wives and daughters to perform sexual favors in exchange for debts owed to the company for food and rent.
The "woke" colonialism and massacres by #russia in Africa: from massacring civilians in Mali, to sponsoring coup d'état in Niger and destroying Ukrainian grain and starving African countries.
O colonialismo e massacres "do bem" pela rússia (Wagner é financiado, equipado e, de facto controlado, pelo Kremlin).
Over the past year, Saudi border guards have slaughtered hundreds of migrants in cold blood, mostly women and children fleeing famine in Ethiopia.
Today in Labor History August 22, 1917: Italian police opened fire on protesters against the hunger caused by World War I. Most of the protesters were women. The next day, workers declared a General Strike. On the 24th, a state of siege was declared, but the strike continued until the 26th. Police violence during the strike resulted in the deaths of 60 people.
Today in Labor History August 21, 1920: Ongoing violence by coal operators and their paid goons in the southern coalfields of West Virginia led to a three-hour gun battle between striking miners and guards that left six dead. 500 Federal troops were sent in not only to quell the fighting, but to ensure that scabs were able to get to and from the mines. A General Strike was threatened if the troops did not cease their strikebreaking activities. This was just 3 months after the Matewan Massacre, in which the miners drove out the seemingly invincible Baldwin-Felts private police force, with the help of their ally, Sheriff Sid Hatfield. 1 year later, Sheriff Hatfield was gunned down on the steps of the courthouse by surviving members of the Baldwin-Felts Agency. News spread and miners began arming themselves, leading to the Battle of Blair Mountain, the largest armed insurrection since the Civil War and the largest labor uprising in U.S. history. Over 100 people were killed in the 5-day battle, including 3 army soldiers and up to 20 Baldwin-Felts detectives. Nearly 1,000 people were arrested. 1 million rounds were fired. And the government dropped bombs from aircraft on the miners, only the second time in history that the government bombed its own citizens (the first being the pogrom against African American residents of Tulsa, during the so-called Tulsa Riots).
The Battle of Blair Mountain is depicted in Storming Heaven (Denise Giardina, 1987), Blair Mountain (Jonathan Lynn, 2006), and Carla Rising (Topper Sherwood, 2015). And the Matewan Massacre is brilliantly portrayed in John Sayles’s film, “Matewan.”
#WorkingClass #LaborHistory #mining #strike #union #WestVirginia #matewan #BattleOfBlairMountain #uprising #CivilWar #GeneralStrike #tulsa #massacre #racism #books #fiction #film #writer #author #novel @bookstadon
Another reason why Sunak must not meet the Saudi Leader #saudiarabia #massacre #yemen https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-66545787
Today in Labor History August 19, 1916: Strikebreakers attacked and beat picketing IWW strikers in Everett, Washington. The police refused to intervene, claiming it was federal jurisdiction. However, when the strikers retaliated, they arrested the strikers. Vigilante attacks on IWW picketers and speakers escalated and continued for months. In October, vigilantes forced many of the strikers to run a gauntlet, violently beating them in the process. The brutality culminated in the Everett massacre on November 5, when Wobblies (IWW members) sailed over from Seattle to support the strikers. The sheriff called out to them as they docked, “Who is your leader?” And the Wobblies yelled back, “We all are!” The sheriff told them they couldn’t dock. One of the Wobblies said, “Like hell we can’t!” And then a mob of over 200 vigilantes opened fire on them. As a result, seven died and 50 were wounded. John Dos Passos portrays these events in his USA Trilogy.
Today in Labor History August 16, 2012: South African police fatally shot 34 miners and wounded 78 in the Marikana massacre, during a 6-week wildcat strike at the Lonmin platinum mine in North West province. It was the most lethal attack by South African security forces against civilians since the 1976 Soweto uprising in 1976 and has been compared to the 1960 Sharpeville massacre.
Today in Labor History August 16, 1819: Police attacked unemployed workers demonstrating in St. Peter's Field, Manchester, England. When the cavalry charged, at least 18 people died and over 600 were injured. The event became know as the Peterloo Massacre, named for the Battle of Waterloo, where many of the massacre victims had fought just four years earlier. Following the Napoleonic Wars there was an acute economic slump, terrible unemployment and crop failures, all worsened by the Corn Laws, which kept bread prices high. Only 11% of adult males had the vote. Radical reformers tried to mobilize the masses to force the government to back down. The movement was particularly strong in the north-west, where the Manchester Patriotic Union organized the mass rally for Peter’s Field. As soon as the meeting began, local magistrates tried to arrest working class radical, Henry Hunt, and several others. Hunt inspired the Chartist movement, which came shortly after Peterloo.
John Lees, who later died from wounds he received at the massacre, had been present at the Battle of Waterloo. Before his death, he said that he had never been in such danger as at Peterloo: "At Waterloo there was man to man but there it was downright murder." In the wake of the massacre, the government passed the Six Acts, to suppress any further attempts at radical reform. The event also led indirectly to the founding of the Manchester Guardian newspaper.
Percy Bysshe Shelley wrote about the massacre in his poem, “The Masque of Anarchy.” The authorities censored it until 1832, ten years after his death. Mike Leigh’s 2018 film Peterloo is an excellent portrayal of the massacre, and the events leading up to it. Many writers have written novels about Peterloo, including the relatively recent “Song of Peterloo,” by Carolyn O'Brien, and “All the People,” Jeff Kaye. However, perhaps the most important is Isabella Banks's 1876 novel, “The Manchester Man,” since she was there when it happened and included testimonies from people who were involved.
Oh this is a nice coincidence!
He's having Hawaiians arrested who are searching for people in the incinerated town of #Lahaina.
My bro was on the ground there in Lahaina during the fire & they locked Lower & main Honoapillani hwy down so no one could get in or out. He barely GTFO on the day of.
Super sus frfr
Today in Labor History August 14, 1850: A squatters' riot occurred in Sacramento, California. At the time, Sacramento was an unincorporated territory. Many people had moved to the region for the gold rush, resulting in land speculation and skyrocketing rents. The squatters vowed to defend their claims by force and created their own militia, consisting of dozens of men. The property owners called in the regional militia, with over 500 men. 2 squatters and 3 militiamen died in the battles, as well as 2 bystanders.
What was Egypt’s Rabaa massacre? | Al Jazeera Newsfeed
Today in Labor History August 12, 1952: The Soviet authorities murdered 13 prominent Jewish intellectuals and writers in the Night of the Murdered Poets. All were members of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, which fought for the USSR against Nazi Germany. They were falsely accused of espionage and treason, and then imprisoned, tortured, and isolated for three years before being formally charged.
Today in Labor History August 10, 2012: The Marikana massacre began near Rustenburg, South Africa. 47 people. including thirty-four miners, were killed by the South African Police Service ) during a six-week wildcat strike at the Lonmin platinum mine at Marikana. It was the most lethal use of force by South African security forces against civilians since the Soweto uprising in 1976 and has been compared to the 1960 Sharpeville massacre.
Today in Labor History August 3, 1959: Portugal's state police force, PIDE, fired upon striking dock workers in Bissau, Portuguese Guinea, killing over 50 people, during the Pidjiguiti massacre. The government blamed the revolutionaries from the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC). The event caused PAIGC to give up their nonviolent campaign and engage in the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence.
Today in Labor History August 2, 1877: During the Great Upheaval strike wave sweeping the country, workers held a General Strike in Scranton. They attacked the mayor and fought with militiamen. 4 people died. The following year, the people of Scranton elected Terence Powderly, head of the Knights of Labor, as their new mayor.
Today in Labor History August 2, 1875: George Vanderveer was born. Vanderveer served as the attorney for the Centralia Wobblies (IWW) and was one of the very few lawyers willing to represent the IWW during and after World War I. He represented the defendants in the Everett and Centralia massacres, as well as workers & labor unions during & after the Seattle General Strike of 1919. In 1918, in one of the largest criminal trials in American history, he defended 101 IWW members, including co-founder Big Bill Haywood, against espionage charges for violating the Espionage Act of 1917, after police raided dozens of IWW meeting halls across the country and confiscated five tons of material from the IWW's General Office in Chicago alone. Based on these documents, 101 IWW leaders were indicted for conspiring to hinder the draft, encourage desertion, and intimidate others in connection with labor disputes. All were convicted, despite Vanderveer’s defense, with sentences ranging from 5-20 years. Haywood jumped bail and fled to Russia, where he remained until his death in 1928. The presiding judge was Kenesaw Mountain Landis, who later served as the first Commissioner of Baseball, and who presided over the Black Sox Scandal, and who infamously delayed the racial integration of Major League Baseball.
Today in Labor History July 31, 1968: Students protested the Olympics in Mexico City. They occupied schools and began a General Strike. Cops violently attacked them. The violence culminated with the Tlatelolco massacre, October 2. As a result, the cops slaughtered 350-400 people, using snipers. They arrested and tortured over 1,300.
Alejandro Jodorowsky dramatized the massacre in his amazing film, “The Holy Mountain” (1973). In it, he showed birds, fruits, vegetables and other things falling and being ripped out of the wounds of the dying students. The late author, Roberto Bolaño, recounted the massacre in his novel “Amulet” (1999). He also retells the story in his novel, “The Savage Detectives.”
#WorkingClass #LaborHistory #students #olympics #mexico #protest #massacre #Tlatelolco #GeneralStrike #police #PoliceBrutality #PoliceMurder #RobertoBolaño #film #author #fiction #novel #writer @bookstadon
Finally, in an announcement timed to mark the anniversary of the #Olenivka #Prison #Massacre one year ago Saturday, the Security Service of #Ukraine concluded that a thermobaric weapon was used to kill over 50 #Ukrainian POWs in the attack. https://kyivindependent.com/prosecutor-generals-office-explosion-at-olenivka-prison-caused-by-thermobaric-weapon/
Today in Labor History July 22, 1946: In a terrorist attack, the right-wing Zionist group, Irgun, bombed the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 people. The hotel was the site of the civil administration and military headquarters for Mandatory Palestine, a League of Nations political entity set up from 1920-1948. During World War I, the UK promised independence to the Arabs in Palestine if they rose up against the Ottomans, who controlled the Levant at that time. The Palestinian Arabs did rise up, helping to force out the Turks. However, the British betrayed them, dividing up the land with the French under the Sykes-Picot Agreement. During that same time, Jewish militias were organizing to create an independent Jewish state in Palestine. The attack on the King David was part of the “Jewish Insurgency” (AKA “Palestine Emergency”), a paramilitary campaign carried out by underground Jewish terrorist organizations against the British in order to create a Jewish state. Disguised as Arab workmen and waiters, Irgun operatives gained access to the hotel basement, where they placed a bomb. They did it in retaliation for Operation Agatha, when the British authorities raided Jewish Insurgency members’ homes and offices and arrested many of their members. Much of the British intelligence on the Jewish militias was stored in the King David Hotel.
Today in Labor History July 22, 1892: Anarchist Alexander Berkman tried to assassinate industrialist Henry Clay Frick in retaliation for the 9 miners killed by Pinkerton thugs on July 6, during the Homestead Steel Strike. Frick was the manager of Homestead Steel and had hired the Pinkertons to protect the factory and the scab workers he hired to replace those who were on strike. Berkman, and his lover, Emma Goldman, planned the assassination hoping it would arouse the working class to rise up and overthrow capitalism. Berkman failed in the assassination attempt and went to prison for 14 years. He wrote a book about his experience called, “Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist” (1912). He also wrote “The Bolshevik Myth” (1925) and “The ABC of Communist Anarchism” (1929).
Today in Labor History July 22, 1877: A General Strike began in St. Louis, as part of the national Great Upheaval. The St. Louis strike is generally considered the first General Strike in U.S. history. It was organized by the communist Workingman’s Party and the Knights of Labor. In addition to joining in solidarity with striking rail workers, thousands in other trades came out to fight for the 8-hour day and an end to child labor. For nearly a week, workers controlled all functions of society. Black and white workers united, even though the unions were all segregated. At one rally, a black steamboat worker asked the crowd if they would stand behind levee workers, regardless of race. “We will!” they shouted back. Another speaker said, “The people are rising up in their might and declaring they will no longer submit to being oppressed by unproductive capital.”
Whereas most of the worker uprising that were occurring throughout the U.S. were spontaneous wildcat strikes (as most of the unions were opposed to the great strike), the situation in St. Louis was led by communists and was revolutionary. “There was a time in the history of France when the poor found themselves oppressed to such an extent that forbearance ceased to be a virtue, and hundreds of heads tumbled into the basket. That time may have arrived with us.” A cooper said this to a crowd of 10,000 workers in St. Louis, in July, 1877. He was referring to the Paris Commune, which happened just six years prior. Like the Parisian workers, the Saint Louis strikers openly called for the use of arms, not only to defend themselves against the violence of the militias and police, but for outright revolutionary aims: “All you have to do is to unite on one idea—that workingmen shall rule this country. What man makes, belongs to him, and the workingmen made this country.”
Karl Marx enthusiastically followed events during the Great Strike. He called it “the first uprising against the oligarchy of capital since the Civil War.” He predicted that it would inevitably be suppressed, but might still “be the point of origin for the creation of a serious workers’ party in the United States.” Ironically, many of the Saint Louis activists were followers of Ferdinand Lasalle, whom Marx despised. And some, like Albert Currlin, a Workingmen’s Party leader in Saint Louis, were outright racists, who mistrusted the black strikers and refused to work with them, undermining the success of the commune. Ultimately, 3,000 federal troops and 5,000 deputized police (i.e., vigilantes) ended the strike by killing at least 18 people and arresting at least 70.
Today in Labor History July 20 1877: In the midst of the Great Upheaval (AKA Great Train Strike), the Maryland state militia fired on striking railroad workers in Baltimore, killing over 20, including children. The strike had started on July 14, in Martinsburg, WV, at the B&O Railroad yards. It quickly spread into Charleston, WV and Baltimore and Cumberland, MD. In Baltimore, as the 5th Regiment marched toward Camden Station with fixed bayonets on their Springfield rifles, crowds attacked them with bricks. Miraculously, no serious injuries occurred. However, when the 6th Regiment began their march, the crowds drove them off with paving stones and fists. Without orders, they began firing at the crowd, killing several. When the two regiments met at Camden Station, the crowds again hurled stones and bricks, disabling locomotives, tearing up tracks and driving off the engineers. They set fire to railroad cars and buildings and cut the firemen’s hoses when they tried to douse the flames.
The Great Upheaval came in the middle of the Long Depression, one of the worst depressions the U.S. has ever faced. My novel, “Anywhere But Schuylkill,” (hopefully out by year’s end) takes place in the years leading up to the Great Strike and is Part I of “The Great Upheaval” trilogy. I am currently working on Book II: “Red Hot Summer in the Smoky City.”
Today in Labor History July 19, 1877: In the midst of the Great Train Strike of 1877, Pittsburgh workers drove soldiers out of town. Trainmen took control of the railroads in Pittsburgh to protest wage cuts. Two days later, National Guard moved in, killing 20 people.
Today in Labor History July 18, 1934: “The American Mercury” accepted Emma Goldman's article, "Communism: Bolshevist & Anarchist, A Comparison.” However, it was not until a year later that it was published, in a truncated form, as "There is No Communism in Russia."
Goldman had been deported by the U.S. in 1919, during the Palmer raids, and sent to Russia, where she lived with her comrade, Alexander Berkman, for several years. She was initially supportive of the Bolsheviks, until Trotsky brutally crushed the Kronstadt rebellion, in 1921, slaughtering over 1,000 sailors and then executing over a thousand more. After this, she left the USSR and, in 1923, published a book about her experiences, “My Disillusionment in Russia.”
H.L. Menken founded “The American Mercury,” in 1924, and published radical writers throughout the 1920s and ‘30s. A change of ownership in the 1940s led to a shift to the far right, including virulently antisemitic articles.
Today in Labor History July 11, 1947: Eight black prisoners were killed in Brunswick, Georgia, during the Anguilla Prison Massacre, for refusing to work in a snake infested swamp without boots. The New York Times reported it as a failed prison escape. However, a handwritten note, by one of the survivors, describing what really happened, reached the NAACP. After refusing to dig ditches, barefoot, among poisonous snakes, they were driven back to camp where, the warden, drunk and angry, opened fire on them with a submachine gun. No one was ever convicted of their murder.
You really can’t make this stuff up.
The infamous #massacre happened when white #racists murdered hundreds of black folk in what was one of the wealthiest black communities in the #USA at the time. The neighborhood the violent white extremists destroyed was called #BlackWallStreet.
If you liked Biden's foreign policy so far, you're gonna love it now that he's nominated serial human rights criminal Elliot Abrams for the U.S. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.
Abrams's criminal record is so vile that even CNN points out his role in leading the Iran-Contra operation and supporting US-backed genocidal massacres in Latin America
This looks like a white man telling truths about white men, and I hope that is so.
That same greed exists all around us, no matter who or where you are.
New unit investigates Russian attacks in Ukraine
Today in Labor History June 28, 1956: 100,000 workers struck in Poznañ, Poland, shouting "Bread & Freedom. The protests were violently suppressed, with at least 67 workers killed. The government sent in tanks and 10,000 soldiers. The next day, another 70 would be killed, 700 would be arrested, and hundreds more would be wounded.
Today in Labor History June 23, 1848: Workers rose up in Paris. The rebellion lasted until the 26th. They were rebelling against plans to close the National Workshops created by the Second Republic to provide work and income for the unemployed. The National Guard killed up to 10,000 people. They deported another 4,000 to Algeria. This was after the Revolution of February, 1848, which overthrew King Louis Philippe and established the Second Republic.
Today in Labor History June 22, 1922: After guards shot and killed 3 striking miners at the Southern Illinois Coal Company, hundreds of union miners laid siege to the mine, using hammers, shovels and dynamite to wreck equipment and keep the strikebreakers pinned down inside coal cars and behind barricades. After the scabs, guards and superintendent surrendered, the strikers marched them into Herrin, five miles away. Along the way, they encountered a mob of angry miners. One of them shouted, "The only way to free the county of strikebreakers is to kill them all off and stop the breed!" Another said, “We must show the world this ain’t West Virginia,” referring to the Battle of Blair Mountain, nine months prior, in which up to 100 miners were killed in the largest armed domestic conflict since the Civil War. Then the mob grew angrier, striking the scabs with rifle butts, eventually telling them to run for their lives, shooting them as they ran. In total, they killed 19 scabs and the superintendent. Several strikers were eventually arrested and held in the Williamson County jail, which is now a historical museum focusing on the conflict. At the initial inquest, the coroner concluded that the deaths were “due to the acts direct and indirect of the officials of the Southern Illinois Coal Company." Those who were tried for the murders were all acquitted. None of the miners were ever convicted.
Today in Labor History June 22, 1914: Anarchists, intending to bomb the Rockefeller Mansion, accidentally blew up the Ferrer Center for anarchist education, killing three anarchists and putting a temporary end to the Modern School. They had been seeking revenge against Rockefeller’s Standard Oil for the Ludlow Massacre (4/20/1914), in which Colorado National Guards and private cops, hired by Rockefeller, attacked a tent colony of 1,200 miners and their families, killing 21, including women and children. The private cops were from the Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency, same ones involved in the Matewan Massacre in West Virginia. From September 1913 through end of May, 1914, up to 200 people had died in the Colorado Coalfield War, including 37 cops, soldiers and private detectives fighting for the coal companies, making it one of the deadliest strikes in U.S. history.
Today in Labor History June 20, 1943: Striking African American auto workers were attacked by the National Workers League, KKK and armed white workers at Detroit's Bell Isle amusement park. 34 people were killed and 1,800 arrested in these race riots. 400,000 Southerners, black and white, had migrated to the Detroit area from 1941-1943 for work in the automotive industry, which had been converted to support the WWII effort, creating housing shortages and increasing pre-existing social tensions. Further exacerbating tensions were years of discrimination and police brutality against black workers. Earlier in 1943, there were race riots in Harlem, Los Angeles (Zoot Suit Riots), Texas and Alabama.
Today in Labor History June 19, 1937: The Women's Day Massacre. During the Great Ohio Steel Strike of 1937, there were numerous street battles between workers and police, including the Youngstown Riots and Poland Avenue Riot on June 21st. On June 19th, there were smaller battles that some believe were initiated by the cops to test the likely extent of union resistance in a real fight. When the cops in Youngstown couldn't find any union leaders to beat up, they went after women picketers who were sitting in chairs to support the strike. They fired tear gas and, when the women refused to leave, began firing live rounds at them, killing 2. Over the course of the entire strike, police killed 16 workers, many of whom were shot were shot in the back as they ran away.
Today in Labor History June 18, 1954: Carlos Castillo Armas led an invasion force across the Guatemalan border, setting in motion the 1954 US-CIA supported Guatemalan coup d'état against democratically elected President Jacobo Arbenz. The CIA covert operation, code-named PBSuccess, ended the Guatemalan Revolution of 1944–1954 and set into motion a series of brutally repressive, U.S.-backed dictators, and a Civil War (1960-1996) which killed or “disappeared” up to 200,000 people, contributing the genocide against the Mayan people. The Revolution had begun in 1944, after a popular uprising toppled the dictator, Jorge Ubico. The country’s first democratically elected government that followed then implemented a minimum wage and universal suffrage. Arbenz, who was elected in 1951, implemented land reform, including expropriation of land controlled by multinational corporations, and giving the property to landless peasants. However, this angered United Fruit Company (now known as Chiquita), one of the largest and most powerful multinationals operating in the country. Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, was a member of the law firm representing UFC, and his brother, Allen Dulles, who was also the director of the CIA, was on the UFC board. Together, they orchestrated the Guatemalan coup, as well as the 1953 Iranian coup. Allen Dulles also oversaw the MKULTRA LSD mind-control experiments and the failed Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. For the latter, and the failed coup against French president Charles De Gaulle, which he also oversaw, he was ultimately fired.
Today in Labor History June 10, 1838: A group of twelve colonists slaughtered at least twenty-eight Aboriginal Australians in the Myall Creek massacre. Seven of the twelve colonists were convicted of murder and hanged. Eleven of the colonists where white former or current convicts. One was African. During the savage attack, they beheaded children. Many Australians celebrated the massacre. The Sydney Herald wrote, "the whole gang of black animals are not worth the money the colonists will have to pay for printing the silly documents on which we have already wasted too much time." However, Irish-Australian poet, Eliza Hamilton Dunlop, wrote her famous poem, “The Aboriginal Mother,” to express her sympathy with the Aboriginal people.
BBC News - #Tiananmen Square: Hong Kong police detain activists on #anniversary of #massacre
Today in Labor History May 30, 1937: “Memorial Day massacre:” Police attacked striking steelworkers, shooting many in the back, killing 10 and wounding 100, at the Republic Steel plant in South Chicago. 1937 – In what became known as the Memorial Day Massacre, police open fire on striking steelworkers at Republic Steel in South Chicago, killing 10 and wounding more than 160. The press called it the “Red Massacre,” as if to justify police violence and murder of working class people.
“If it had not been for the accident of my birth, I would have been an anti-Semite.”
He may be a German Jew who fled the Nazis, but he has allied himself with the same forces who cheered Hitler on, who enabled him, who have encouraged and supported Hitler-imitators throughout the world.
* >1million dead from U.S. bombs, napalm & pesticides in Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos during his tenure as Secretary of State (along with 30,000 mostly working-class U.S. citizens)
*Torture & murder of tens of thousands of Chileans under Pinochet, after the Kissinger-U.S. supported overthrow of Allende
*Operation Condor, to hunt down & slaughter revolutionaries throughout Latin America
*Indonesian invasion of East Timor & genocide (1975), which killed up to 300,000
*Military slaughter & genocide in Bangladesh (1971) which killed up to 3 million people
*Support for dictatorships in Spain, Portugal, Greece, S Arabia, Iran.
*Support for right-wing insurgencies in Africa
#kissinger #fascism #antisemitism #imperialism #genocide #massacre #anticommunism #ColdWar
Today in Labor History May 2, 1933: In one of his first acts after coming to power, Adolf Hitler abolished all labor unions. Storm troopers occupied union offices across Germany. Union leaders were arrested, beaten, tortured and imprisoned, or sent to concentration camps. In the coming months, thousands more communists, anarchists and labor activists were arrested and murdered.
Today in labor history April 30, 1871: A mob massacred more than 100 Apaches at Camp Grant, Arizona. The mob included 48 Mexican Americans and 92 Tohono O’odham. Most of the Apaches that were killed were women and children. The Apaches had already surrendered and placed themselves under U.S. protection when the attack occurred. As a result, the Apache, and their Yavapai allies, launched a series of attacks against the U.S. Their attacks continued into 1875. Descendants of those massacred are currently fighting against Resolution Copper, a subsidiary of Rio Tinto, to block mining on the massacre site—the third largest copper deposit in the world. John McCain and Jeff Flake authored the legislation that opened the site to mining. Seventh-day Adventists, the Islam and Religious Freedom Action Team of the Religious Freedom Institute, Mormans, the Christian Legal Society, Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty, and the Sikh Coalition, have joined together to support the Apache and filed legal briefs for them. Rio Tinto is responsible for some of the worst environmental devastation on the planet, union busting, and for the mass murder of indigenous environmental and labor activists around the world. They also have a history of collaborating with fascists, including Franco, in Spain.
Was honored to work with the late, great Gwendolyn Midlo Hall on this piece honoring the 150 freedom fighters who died on this day - exactly 150 years ago - in the bloody, racist #ColfaxMassacre.
Today In Labor History April 3, 1948: Cheju Massacre in Korea. Between 1948 and 1949, one of the 20th century’s least known genocides occurred. On the island of Cheju-do, 30,000 civilians were massacred (10% of the island’s population) by the South Korean army, Cheju-do police and the U.S. military. However, the governor of Cheju told American intelligence that the real number was closer to 60,000. Another 30,000 people fled to Japan. The massacre was designed to suppress a worker uprising and General Strike.
These words - insurrection, massacre, coup - approach interchangeability when summarizing #WhiteSupremacist terrorist violence.
This next part reminds me of when the teacher would roll a reel-to-reel projector :-) Vox's "When white supremacists overthrew a government" video on Youtube is just 12 minutes, but it's a terrific, visual and visceral presentation. https://youtu.be/LVQomlXMeek
Today in Labor History February 15, 1910: The ILGWU declared the Uprising of Twenty Thousand shirtwaist strike officially over. The garment workers strike began September 27, 1909, in response to abysmal wages and safety conditions. The majority of striking workers were immigrant women, mostly Yiddish-speaking Jews (75%) and Italians (10%), and mostly under the age of 20. Five women died in the strike, which the union won, signing contracts with 339 manufacturing firms. However, 13 firms, including Triangle Shirtwaist Company, never settled. One of the demands had been for adequate fire escapes and for open doors to the streets for emergencies. In 1911, 146 girls and women were killed in the Triangle Shirtwaist fire.
On this day in history. This is the upper end of Glen Coe, a glen infamous for the massacre of the Glen Coe MacDonalds carried out by government troops who were billeting with them 331 years ago today on 13 February 1692. More pics and info: https://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/glencoe/glencoe/index.html
While #BatangKali is in the news, perhaps it's not a bad time to bring to everyone's attention another tragedy from decades ago, for which the victim's families are still fighting for some measure of justice.
Ten years ago, I wrote about a series of court dispatches on the Batang Kali #Massacre, perpetrated by #British forces during the battle against #communism in #Malaysia: https://www.emilyding.me/the-batang-kali-massacre
In worrying news from the #DRC: A ceasefire appears to be collapsing following the resumption of fighting and reports of a #massacre. The army accused #M23 rebels of killing about fifty civilians in the eastern town of #Kishishe. Thousands of people are fleeing fighting between the rebels, government forces and allied militias in different parts of North #Kivu province.
Semi-autos should be legally mandated to be stored and used at secure shooting ranges only. Such a law would trigger a new industry of elaborate shooting ranges. We should stop forcing our schools to share in the elevated risk of massacres from semi-autos. #GunControlNow