🆕 We have some great news:
the journals #Aniki: Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento and #HoST - Journal of History of Science and Technology, both published with the support of the IHC, have been accepted for indexing by the #Scopus platform! 🥳🎊
TOMORROW: I'll be doing a virtual event with the National WWI Museum at 1 pm CST (that's 7 pm for UK attendees). I'll be talking about the pioneering surgeon Sir Harold Gillies, who rebuilt soldiers' faces during WWI, followed by Q&A. Event is FREE! Please register: https://www.theworldwar.org/events/facemaker-lindsey-fitzharris?fbclid=IwAR18GASogq8Me0YtANsUZM-CvldBHWU2w-MGgoMV9-tuv8WbJbyuql_yEqE
Scarificator, late 17th century. This instrument with spring-loaded blades delivered many cuts simultaneously. Afterwards, the doctor placed a heated cup over the site. As it cooled, blood was forced out of the wounds.
Photo: University of Melbourne.
“One Night Cough Syrup” from the 1930s, which contained cannabis, morphine, chloroform, and alcohol! In 1934, the FDA ruled that the claims of the cough syrup's therapeutic properties were misleading, and remaining stock was destroyed.
Follow me for more medical history content!
During WWI, Marie Curie created a vehicle that contained a hospital bed, a generator, an X-ray machine and photographic darkroom equipment. These “petite Curies" (below) could be driven right up to the Front. Curie also helped train 150 women as radiology technicians.
Watercolor of a malignant growth springing from the eye of a woman, 19th century. The eye protruded for two months. In the righthand corner, you can see a monochrome sketch of the eyeball and tumour after its removal. [Image: Wellcome Collection] #histmed #histodons #histodon #history #medhist #histsci #illustration
This remarkably detailed wax anatomical model (c.1787) is now housed at the Javier Puerta Museum. Wax models like this were used for teaching anatomy to medical students at a time when few bodies were available for dissection. It demonstrates the merging of art and science.
Dental Phantom, c.1898. Or, what it feels like to be on Twitter (X) these days.
The dental phantom was first created by the Glaswegian dentist Eduard Oswald Fergus a few years earlier as a tool for students to practice their craft before working on human subjects.
Male skeleton showing wear pattern to teeth resulting from long-term pipe smoking, c.1660. It was excavated from the Patuxent Point site, Calvert County, MD. All of the skeletons uncovered (men, women, and children) showed signs of smoking. #histodons #histodon #skull #histmed #medhist #smoking #skeleton #histsci #archaeology #archaeologist
This frieze from Fulton County, Georgia shows "Medicine's battle with Death." Note the rod with two snakes. Many mistake it for the Rod of Asclepius (the traditional symbol of healing). However, this is the Caduceus, symbol of commerce. A common error in the USA.
This is a photo of Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri at the turn of the 20th century. The walls were painted by a surgeon who wanted to give patients something to look at while they waited for their anesthesia. A beautiful merging of art and medicine.
The hematologist Oswald H. Robertson pioneered the idea of "blood banks" in WWI by packing glass jars of citrated blood from universal donors in an ice-filled chest that he had constructed from ammunition cases. Learn more in my book THE FACEMAKER: https://linktr.ee/drlindseyfitzharris
THE FACEMAKER is out today in paperback! 🇬🇧
It tells the poignant true story of the visionary surgeon who rebuilt the faces of WWI's injured heroes, and in the process ushered in the modern era of plastic surgery.
I'd be grateful for your support: https://amzn.to/442MiS5
People in 7th Century BCE #Jerusalem suffered from widespread dysentery, study finds
Study results indicate "long-term presence" of #Giardia parasite in Near East populations.
1st-century burial holds Roman doctor buried with medical tools, including 'top-quality' scalpels
Thanks to a friend for introducing me to this fascinating effigy of Sarah Hare who died of septicaemia and is displayed in a Norfolk Church.
Am trying to find out who sculpted her as she looks like one of Joseph Towne's wax moulages, but I'm not sure.
We are delighted to announce we now have an online shop! We sell a wide variety of items- from brain shaped cookie cutters to skeleton nesting dolls!
You can check it out for yourself here: https://shop.museum.rcsed.ac.uk/
In the 1930s, Listerine cigarettes were created. The tobacco was infused with the same antiseptic oils used in the mouthwash for a "cooling and soothing effect." Listerine cigarettes were evidently not very popular because there is almost no record of their existence.
Midwifery Bag, c.1866 - containing destructive & non-destructive instruments. This bag would likely have belonged to a male midwife/obstetrican as female midwives traditionally did not use instruments when delivering babies in this period.
Photo: Science Museum, London.
Francisco Torti's Tree of Fevers, 1712. Torti, an Italian physician, was the first to systemically study the medicinal effects of cinchona bark (the source of quinine), also known as Peruvian or Jesuit bark. Intermittent fevers, the branches with bark on the left, responded to cinchona, while continuous fevers, the branches without bark on the right, did not. The intermittent fevers were probably due to malaria, an endemic disease in much of Europe well into the 20th century. #MedEd #MedHist
Tinted, double-hinged spectacles, c.1790. Many opticians believed green or blue glass was easier on the eyes and would reduce glare; while clear glass was too soft and would distort images.
This extraordinary example is from the Wellcome Collection in London.
"The Tooth Worm as Hell's Demon,” 18th century. Carved from ivory, the two halves open up to reveal a scene about the infernal torments of a tooth worms which people believed caused cavities in the past. Complete with mini skulls, hellfire, and naked people wielding clubs.
A Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal acolhe, esta semana, o simpósio internacional "Seca, Fome e Colonialismo Português em África. História e Memória (séculos XIX-XXI)" — sobre os contextos, as causas e as consequências sociais, económicas e ecológicas da seca e da fome na antiga África colonial portuguesa.
A new "For the Medical Record" is out! We talk to brilliant Beatrix Hoffman about her project "Borders of Care: A History of Immigration, Migration, and the Right to Health Care"
Beatrix is *such* a good historian, and this project is so necessary. In this episode we talk specifically about her chapter on the post-war Bracero program, and the intersection of immigration, labor, and healthcare.
#newepisode #podcast #medhist #medicalhumanities #medhums #histodons #histSTM
Und zum Schluss noch ein tolles Beispiel. Ein medizinhistorischer Podcast, so unterhaltsam wie lehrreich und US-Ärzte können sogar Fortbildungspunkte bekommen, wenn sie ihn anhören. Also der Anspruch ist auf jeden Fall wissenschaftlich.
Oldest-surviving anatomical theatre, located in Padua and built in 1594. Over the entrance is the Latin inscription: “hic est locus ubi mors gaudet succurrere vitam.” Roughly: “this is the place where death delights to help life (or the living).”
Photo: Rolando Paolo Guerzoni.
Coca wine was an alcoholic beverage in the 19th century that featured both wine and cocaine. One popular brand, Vin Mariani, was enjoyed by Jules Verne, Alexander Dumas, and Arthur Conan Doyle. Thomas Edison claimed it helped him stay awake longer. I can't imagine why!
There is so much interesting stuff in these manuscripts, I'm hardly scraping the surface when cataloguing!
Today I learned new vocabulary: these certain kinds of flasks with flared mouths are known as #jordans
@gabrielheyman Hi thanks for your question! I think you're right about doctors in just the early modern period (ca.1500-1800) because they used significantly more bloodletting, mercury, and dangerous chemicals guided by humoralism, as you say.
But in the medieval period a few effective (or biochemically active and potentially dangerous) "drugs" stand out: opium, artemisia, wormwood, henbane, hellebore. And don't underestimate honey, wine, and vinegar as mild antiseptics.
In summer 2022 Cambridge University Library launched an exciting new project diving in to the world of #medieval medicine.
From stuffing puppies to salting owls, what cures did our ancestors use to treat everyday aliments?
Find out more about the project:
Exciting news: I have just been named a 2023 DeBakey Fellow in the History of Medicine at the National Library of Medicine (NIH) to pursue research and travel for my research project
"Medieval Medicine in Transition: The Manuscript Evidence from Twelfth Century England".
This reminds me of a book chapter by #historian Kristen Burnett, "Obscured Obstetrics: Indigenous Midwives in Western Canada" (2011) that my students always love. It describes the critical role #Indigenous #midwives played in delivering settler babies in 19th- and early 20th-century #Canada.
Ancient Roman lead pollution in Greenland ice cores. The major source of ancient atmospheric lead was the smelting of lead-silver ores (galena). Lead pollution plummeted around AD 165, coincident with the Antonine plague (possibly smallpox), and failed to recover during the late Roman Empire, which featured the Cyprian plague in AD 249-262, political instability, foreign invasions, and a deteriorating climate, with the end of the Roman Climate Optimum. #histmed #medhist https://www.pnas.org/doi/10.1073/pnas.1721818115
Joseph Lister invented the carbolic acid spray as he believed the main source for infection was air-borne germs. Both the wound and the atmosphere of the operating table would be sprayed with a fine mist of watered-down carbolic acid in order to kill bacteria.
Children in iron lung (1937) before the advent of the polio vaccine. The iron lung is a mechanical respirator that enables a person to breathe when muscle control is lost.
In the first half of the 20th century, polio was the leading cause of death in children and young adults. In extreme cases, the virus can cause spinal and respiratory paralysis, making it impossible to breathe. The iron lung saved countless lives. #vaccines #histmed #medhist #histodons #history #MedMastodon #ScienceMastodon
Conditions in operating theatres prior to antisepsis were appalling. Most people were admitted in their ordinary clothes and surgeons operated in a suit and frock coat. This coat belonged to Joseph Lister and similar coats would be worn by a surgeon when operating.
👋 Hello! I am going to run another intro post: I am a student double majoring in History, and Sociology. Double minor in Religious Studies and Africana Studies. Trying to go to Duke for grad school for extremism/religious studies in America 🤞🤞 I have these interests: #cults #extremism #BlackHistory #history #medhist #sociology #photogaphy #cats #Bulldogs #music #latina #food #Science #stem #medicine #pseudoscience #asianamerican #psych #disabled #trans #gay basically, I am tolerant, & open